The Cour de Cassation is the highest court of law in France. A judgment of the Court of Cassation of December 14, 2022 recognizes patronymic analysis – statistics on the ethno-cultural origin of names – as ex post proof of discrimination in hiring.
The IOM Diaspora Mapping Toolkit analyses pros & cons for the use of big data and onomastics for Diaspora Mapping. It is based on field experience learned from several project conducted by The International Organization for Migration (IOM) using NamSor technology. One particular case study cited in the report is Skills Mapping Through Big Data: A case study of Armenian diaspora in the United States of America and France
As France doesn’t collect ethnic statistics, organizations in the public and private sector need to work around the lack of data to analyze potential discriminations.
DARES, the directorate of the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Integration which produces analyses, studies and statistics on the themes of work, employment, vocational training and social dialogue has used NamSor to prepare a study on competitive exams in the public sector.